Shohin-bonsai India

Do they grow Shohin-bonsai in India? Oh, yes they do. I didn’t really knew what to expect as I travelled to India in November. I was there to teach bonsai but had no idea if Shohin-bonsai was part of the bonsai world in the warm region of Pune. It was a great pleasure to watch how this part of bonsai also was present, and even small Mame-bonsai is developed. In the tropic climate trees are grown from cuttings and seeds, and develops satisfying trunks with speed.

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Small pieces on the workshop.

Especially Chinese Junipers and Shimpaku is grown with very good results. The Chinese Juniper differs from Shimpaku by being lighter in needle colour and softer than the more compact Shimpaku variety from Japan. A tropic variation also was present, but the looser growth and longer needles are better suited for medium and large sized bonsai.

The heat in the tropical environment demands much watering for the smallest bonsai. Therefore they are arranged at tables with pebbles who keeps the humidity up for a longer time. Watering is partly with a sprinkler system and followed by hand watering afterwards, to secure thorough watering. The advantage of the sprinkling system is that the trees are cooled down and leafs kept from being burned by the sun. This does not keep a man with a watering can going through the trees to secure everything is healthy and water evenly.

 

Bonsai works in India

At my recent travel to India I did a lot of work during my stay. One of the tasks was to refine or totally restyle some already established bonsai. Also a few Shohin was made from raw material. Here I will show some of the trees I have done, with the kind assisting by my friends in India.

First tree is a local variety Juniper, closely related to the common Chinese juniper seen in Europe. This specie has lighter and a little longer growth. It is a clump/forest style tree, that needed to be initially styled.

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Juniper before styling.

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Juniper after styling. This is initial styling work. Therefore strong growth are left after cutting the tips back to semi-hard wood. Branches are positioned, and next step is to refine and change smaller branches when new grow is established. The tree is opened up at this stage, so new growth can develop when light reaches the inner branches. The strongest growth must be controlled and trimmed regularly to even the balance of growth.

Next tree to show is also a medium size bonsai pre-trained as a bonsai forest.

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Thinning was done as the first thing, to clean out unnecessary growth and prepare for wiring.

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After wiring the smaller branches, and re-positioning trunks at line and with lack of movement, a new pot was chosen better fitting the size and expression of the tree.
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Manoj Kumar helps with moving the tree to its new pot.

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The tree was moved to the left side of the new pot, because the movement of the tree is to the right. As it is clearly seen, that means that some roots have to be reduced in size to fit the pot.

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The assistants repotting the tree.

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A larger pot is selected as temporary second pot.

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Because it is not safe to remove a large portion of the roots at the same time, the tree is double potted. This means that we put the replaced tree in another larger pot, to give it time to renew the roots after transplanting. Then the redundant roots can be cut back in steps, without disturbing the rest of the root mass. A safe and healthy method to remove roots and add vigour to other parts at the same time. Later when the roots are safely removed at the left side (seen from the front), the large pot is removed.

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Arranging the double potting.
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Soil is filled in around the pot.

Another Juniper needed a fine tune. After removing overgrown branches the tree was wired, and repotted by gently moving it to a better pot without cutting any roots. A refinement of the deadwood was part of the restyling, enhancing the beauty and age of this medium size bonsai.

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After thinning out foliage and wiring essential branches to enhance the movement of the tree. Didn’t manage to do a before photo.

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Branches are refined and now need to grow and be trimmed to balance growth, and develop foliage pads. In the tropical climate this expected to happen in a short time. The deadwood was carved with powertools.

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Assistant placing the tree in a new pot. Roots are not pruned to secure the health of the tree.
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Now the tree is fixed in the new pot and at the same time tilted a little forwards to improve the movement.

Shimpaku juniper removed temporarily from its pot to be able to work on it. The tree was changed to a cascade style bonsai which needed some drastice pruning and changing the growth direction of the tree.

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Before work is started.

The lower part of the tree has been pruned and wired. The tree is also tilted to make the cascade style.

The lower part of the tree has been pruned and wired. The tree is also tilted to make the cascade style.

Seen from above the new branch structure is in place.
Seen from above the new branch structure is in place.

Positioned in a temporary pot after initial styling. Now new growth has to improve the tree with time.

Positioned in a temporary pot after initial styling. Now new growth has to improve the tree with time.

And another one. Also a tree going in the cascade fashion. Because it simply invited to. This also is initial first work on a future bonsai. Dont mistake this work as finished trees, because there is no such thing when we work on trees that are drastically styled and changed. It will always be the first step in a series before we reach a mature and well developed bonsai over time.

The first work sets the direction, and the future work refines and improves.

Before work.
Before work.
After work. The beauty of this tree lies in the dramatically twisting trunk. this is the main feature, and the rest of the tree has to underline this. Therefore I followed the movement of the trunk and enhanced it by making a cascade style bonsai.
After work. The beauty of this tree lies in the dramatically twisting trunk. this is the main feature, and the rest of the tree has to underline this. Therefore I followed the movement of the trunk and enhanced it by making a cascade style bonsai. Also deadwood work was done to slim the trunk visually and improve age.

Finishing with a few other trees among the bonsai I worked on during my stay.

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An upright bonsai changed to raft style. Will be repotted.

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Another cascade initial work that needs development.

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Finishing with the start of a Shohin Juniper.

The large landscape

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At my recent trip to India, I was at the bonsai workshop space of the group Bonsai Namaste. At a wall, you find an amazing large landscape build with sandstone, which took one of the supporters Manoj Kumar 8 months to complete. The landscape has miniature waterfalls build in with real running water, and a system that makes it rain and at the same time watering the landscape. A stunning work of art, convincing and aesthetically pleasing to view.